Analysis of climate variables in the Cauca river valley

Peña Quiñones, AJ; Chica Ramírez, HA; Mendoza, CJ. | JAN 2024 | ISBN 978-958-8449-35-7

Introduction

Biomes are regions of the planet that share similar geological and climatic conditions (Strakhov, 1967), whose interaction initially translates into characteristic soils on which typical vegetation develops. In the sugar cane producing region of the Cauca River Valley, three biomes predominate: the Azonal Orobiome, the Helobiome of the Cauca Valley and the Tropical Alternohygric Zonobiome of the Cauca Valley (Valderrama, 2013). The Azonal Orobiome, which is located in the foothills of the Western mountain range, is characterized by being very dry. The Helobiome of the Cauca Valley, located in the flood zones of the Cauca River (flood plains), is characterized by its dry climate. The Alternohygric Zonobiome, located on the alluvial fans, is also characterized by being dry in the flat area, but is more humid near the Central mountain range. This means that in the Cauca River valley there are different ecosystems, all warm, from very dry areas to humid areas. This document deals with the climatic variability of the Cauca River Valley, both spatially and temporally, and seeks to characterize the climate of the region not only based on air temperature and precipitation but with other elements.

About the authors

Peña Quiñones, AJ

Agricultural Engineer, graduated from the Faculty of Agricultural Sciences of the National University of Colombia, Palmira campus, obtained his master's degree in Sciences, Meteorology area, at the Faculty of Sciences of the National University of Colombia, Bogotá campus and his doctorate in Engineering Biology and Agriculture at Washington State University, in the United States. With more than 20 years of experience in the practice of Agroclimatology and more than 40 published articles, he was linked between 2018 and 2020 to the Cenicaña Agronomy Program and is currently an associate researcher at the Colombian Agricultural Research Corporation (AGROSAVIA). ) at the La Liber-tad Research Center, in the city of Villavicencio.

Chica Ramirez, HA

Agricultural Engineer from the University of Caldas, master's degree in Mathematics from the Technological University of Pereira and candidate for a doctorate in Engineering from the University of Valle. He has more than 20 years of experience in the area of ​​analysis and design of experiments, stochastic simulation and deterministic and statistical modeling of crops in the coffee and sugar sector in companies such as Cenicafé and Cenicaña. He is a speaker at national and international conferences and seminars. He currently works as head of the Cenicaña Analytics Service, performing functions in mathematical optimization and formulation of projects aimed at mathematical modeling of supply chains.

Mendoza, C.J.

Agricultural Engineer from the National University of Colombia, Bogotá headquarters, with a master's degree and doctorate in the area of ​​Agricultural Irrigation and Drainage from the University of Sao Paulo, “Luiz de Queiroz” School of Agriculture (ESALQ/USP) in Brazil. Linked to the Colombian Sugarcane Research Center, Cenicaña, between 2017 and 2020, in the area of ​​Water Management, where he worked on the evaluation of the performance and efficiency of mechanized and micro irrigation systems. irrigation. He is currently linked as assistant professor of the Department of Civil and Agricultural Engineering of the Faculty of Engineering of the National University of Colombia, Bogotá headquarters. To date he has a total of 15 publications including scientific articles in national and international magazines, reports at international conferences and dissemination documents. He has coordinated national and international research projects.

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