Sprinkler irrigation consists of applying water to the crop in the form of drizzle.
With this method, application efficiencies are reached between 80 and 85% but a high initial capital investment is required in the distribution and application systems plus the cost of labor and equipment maintenance.
In this irrigation method it is important to supply the precise amount of water required by the motor pump and fork the lateral lines to balance the sprinkler pressures.
Sprinkler irrigation in sugarcane is recommended for piedmont areas and for germination irrigation in template reeds. The method facilitates the application of small sheets of water that do not exceed 30 mm per irrigation; guns that operate between 85 and 125 psi are generally used.