Determining factors of climate in the sugar cane producing region of the Cauca River Valley


According to Cortés et al. (2019), the average values ​​of the climate elements of the Cauca River Valley and their temporal and spatial variations are explained by its proximity to both the Pacific Ocean and the equator and by its location between the Central and Western mountain ranges of the Andes. Colombians. This means that the latitude at which this territory is located, as well as its altitude, the wind currents that are formed by the effect of the relief, the influence of sea currents and the thermal differential between ocean and continent accentuate or limit atmospheric processes. which are reflected in the values ​​of the meteorological variables of this region and give rise to its different types of climates. This chapter describes the geoastronomic location of the Cauca River valley, its relief and some ocean currents, as variables that contribute to explaining the climate trends in this region.

About the authors

Peña Quiñones, AJ

Agricultural Engineer, Master in Meteorology from the National University of Colombia; PhD in Biological and Agricultural Engineering from University State Washington. Work Experience as Head of Agrometrology Service at CENICAÑA.

Valencia Arbeláez, JA

Faculty of Agricultural Sciences, Santa Rosa de Cabal University Corporation, Santa Rosa de Cabal, Risaralda, Colombia

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