Climate

Determining factors of climate in the sugar cane producing region of the Cauca River Valley

Peña Quiñones, AJ; Valencia Arbeláez, JA | JAN 2024 | ISBN 978-958-8449-33-3

Introduction

According to Cortés et al. (2019), the average values ​​of the climate elements of the Cauca River Valley and their temporal and spatial variations are explained by its proximity to both the Pacific Ocean and the equator and by its location between the Central and Western mountain ranges of the Andes. Colombians. This means that the latitude at which this territory is located, as well as its altitude, the wind currents that are formed by the effect of the relief, the influence of sea currents and the thermal differential between ocean and continent accentuate or limit atmospheric processes. which are reflected in the values ​​of the meteorological variables of this region and give rise to its different types of climates. This document describes the geoastronomic location of the Cauca River valley, its relief and some ocean currents, as variables that contribute to explaining the climate trends in this region.

About the authors

Peña Quiñones, AJ

Agricultural Engineer, graduated from the Faculty of Agricultural Sciences of the National University of Colombia, Palmira campus, obtained his master's degree in Sciences, Meteorology area, at the Faculty of Sciences of the National University of Colombia, Bogotá campus and his doctorate in Biological Engineering and Agricultural at Washington State University, in the United States. With more than 20 years of experience in the practice of Agroclimatology and more than 40 published articles, he was linked between 2018 and 2020 to the Cenicaña Agronomy Program and is currently an associate researcher at the Colombian Agricultural Research Corporation (AGROSAVIA) in the La Libertad Research Center, in the city of Villavicencio.

Valencia Arbeláez, JA

Agricultural Engineer, graduated from the Faculty of Agricultural Sciences of the University of Caldas, obtained his master's degree in Environment and Sustainable Development at the University of Manizales and his doctorate in Agricultural Sciences at the University of Caldas. With more than 10 years of experience in the practice of Agroclimatology and more than 10 published articles, he was linked between 2012 and 2014 to the discipline of agroclimatology at Cenicafé, from 2013 to 2022 as a professor of agroclimatology at the University of Caldas and the Santa Rosa de Cabal University Corporation and is currently a leading researcher in agroclimatology at the Banana Research Center (Cenibanano) belonging to the Association of Banana Growers of Colombia, AUGURA.

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